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张志怀英语教学心得

作者:张志怀 来源:甘肃环县一中 发布时间:2017年07月02日 点击数:817 字号:【

可以接V-ing 的短语动词

1.be active in   在(做)┄┄积极,主动
例句:Professor Zhang has been active in reseaching on English teaching methods for many years.
    张教授多年来一直积极探索研究英语教学法。
2 .be afraid of   害怕(做)
例句:Tom was afraid of being scolded by his boss without asking for a leave.
    汤姆没有请假害怕受到老板的责骂。
3. be/feel ashamed of    因(做)┄┄感到惭愧,内疚
例句:I feel ashamed of having done so little for my parents.
我为父母做得太少,感到惭愧。
4. be bad/poor at    拙于,不善于(做)
例句:Her brother was poor at making himself understood when he was young.
    她弟弟小时侯不善于表达自己。
5. be busy     忙于(做)
例句:Lin Tao was busy making his model plane after school yesterday.
    昨天放学后,林涛忙着做飞机模型。
6. be fond of    爱好(做)
例句:Our monitor is fond of playing basketball so as to make himself a basketball player.
    我们班长热衷于打篮球,想使自己成为一名篮球运动员。
7. be good/clever at   善于,擅长(做)
例句:John is good at climbing mountains,but not good at climbing trees.
    约翰善于爬山,但不善长爬树。
8. be interested in   对(做)┄┄感兴趣
例句:Einstein was once interested in making music at home with his friends.
    爱因斯坦曾经饶有兴趣地和朋友们一起在家里作曲。
9. be proud of    为(做)┄┄感到骄傲,自豪
例句:Every student in my class was proud of being praised by our teacher .
    我们班上的每个学生都为受到老师的夸奖而感到骄傲。
10. be tired of      厌烦,对(做)┄┄厌倦
例句:The rich man was tired of making much more money, and decided to live a simple life.
那位富翁对赚更多的钱感到厌倦而决定过一种简朴的生活。
11. be up to     (秘密地)从事
例句:Captain Bill was up to looking into the enemy’s position and gave his life to the country.
    比尔上尉去探察敌人的阵地,为国捐躯了。
12. be/become/get used to     习惯于(做)
例句:The students have been used to writing an English composition per week by now.
    学生们现在已经习惯于每周写一篇英语作文。
13. be/feel worried about     为(做)┄┄烦恼,担心
例句:The old man was always worried about falling ill without being taken good care of.
    那位老人总是担心生病得不到很好的照料。
14. be worth     值得(做)
例句:The teacher told us that this novel was worth reading.
    老师告诉我们这部小说值得一读。
15. be worthy of     值得,相称
例句:These materials are worthy of being translated into English.
    这些资料翻译成英语是值得的。
16. burst out    突然迸发
例句:He burst out laughing when he heard the news.
    他听了这个消息突然大笑起来。
17. can’t help    忍不住,禁不住(做)
例句:Bob’s father had always been kind to his children,but he couldn’t help beating them
that time.
    鲍勃的爸爸对他的孩子很慈爱,可那次却忍不住揍了他们。
18. care for     关心,喜欢
例句:The two brothers cared for playing football more than anything else last year.
    去年这兄弟俩喜欢踢足球胜过别的任何事情。
19. come near    差不多,几乎,赶得上
例句:His friend came near being run over by an uncontrolled car the other day.
几天前,他的朋友几乎被一辆失控的车压上。
20. dream of     梦想,想象(做)
例句:The poor little girl still dreamed of going to college when she was lying in bed in hospital.
    可怜的小姑娘躺在医院的病床上仍梦想着上大学。
21. feel like     想要(做)
例句:Do you feel like going out for a walk with me?
    跟我一道出去散散步怎么样?
22. fall/get into the habit of     养成(做)┄┄的习惯
例句:Don’t fall into the bad habit of smoking when you are young.
    年轻时别沾染上吸烟的恶习。
23. get down to     开始认真(做)
例句:The lawyer got down to studying the law rules about the case last week.
    上星期律师就开始研究有关此案的法律条文。
24. get rid of     除去,摆脱
例句:How to get rid of polluting the air is still a problem.
    如何除去空气污染还是一个问题。
25. give up     放弃,中断(做)
例句:Mr. Smith had to give up his reseaching in the electronic fields because of the bad health.
    由于健康原因,史密斯先生不得不放弃了在电子领域的研究。
26. insist on     坚持,坚决要求(做)
例句:The manager insisted on carrying out the plan without any delay.
    经理坚持毫不拖延地执行计划。
27. keep on   继续进行
例句:Doctor Bethune kept on operating upon the wounded soldiers until the enemy came near the village.
    敌人离村子很近了,白求恩大夫还在为伤员做手术。
28. look forward to   期待,盼望(做)
例句:The old double looked forward to seeing their little grandson everyday.
    那老俩口每天盼望着见到他们的小孙子。
29. object to   反对,抗议(做)
例句:All his friends objected to leaving him alone.
    他的朋友们全都反对丢下他不管。
30. pay attention to    注意,关心(做)
例句:You should pay more attention to changing your idears when you look for a job.
    找工作时你更应注意转变自己的观念。
31. persuade┄into     说服┄┄(做)
例句:Do you think you could persuade them into seeing her?
    你认为你能劝他们看望她吗?
32. place hopes on      寄希望于(做)
例句:The old woman placed hopes on living the rest of her life peacefully in the countryside.
那位老太太希望在乡间平静地度过晚年。.
33. praise for     因(做)┄┄赞扬,夸奖
例句:My English teacher was praised for making his classes lively and interesting.
    我的英语老师因上课生动有趣而受到好评。
34. protect┄from     保护┄┄免受
例句:The villagers have built a long fence to protect their sheep from wolves.
    村民们筑起了一道长长的围墙以保护他们的羊只免受狼的侵袭。
35. put off      推迟,延期(做)
例句:The headmaster has put off going abroad becaue of the bad weather.
    由于恶劣的天气,校长已经推迟了出国。
36. save┄from    挽救┄┄使免于
例句:It was the police who saved him from going to prison.
    正是警察挽救了他,才使他免于坐牢。
37. spend┄(in)     (做)┄┄花费
例句:Our country spends a lot of money in treating sick people.
    我们国家花费大量资金医治患者。
38. stop/prevent┄(from)     阻止┄┄(做);保护┄┄使免受
例句:The farmers planted a great number of trees to prevent the soil from being washed away by floods a few years ago.
    几年前,农民们栽植了许多树木防止水土流失。
39. set about     着手,开始(做)
例句:The scientist set about preparing for his researching report a few weeks ago..
    几星期前,那位科学家就开始准备他的研究报告。
40. succeed in     (做)┄┄成功
例句:Yesterday Dr. Wang succeeded in operating on a patient who had suffered from a heart disease.
    昨天,王医生成功地为一名心脏病人做了手术。
41. thank┄for   因(做)┄┄而感谢
例句:Thank you for inviting me to your birthday party, but I’m afraid not.
    感谢你邀请我参加你的生日晚会,但我恐怕来不了。
42. think of    想到,考虑(做) 
例句:Miss Wang often thinks of going to Hawaii for her holidays.
王小姐经常考虑着去夏威夷度假。

原载《中学生理科应试》2004年第8期

Make a(n)…   

1. make a change    改变
例句:I decided to make a change in the work plan so as to finish the task ahead of time. 
为了提前完成任务,我决定变更一下工作计划。
2. make a choice    作出选择
例句:He made a careful choice before he became a lawyer.
    在他成为律师之前,他作了谨慎的选择。
3. make a contribution to   对…… 做出贡献
例句:We should study hard so that we can make great contributions to our country in the future.
我们应该努力学习,以便将来为祖国做出大的贡献。
4. make a decision  作出决定
例句:It was so difficult for Emily to make a decision that she went to ask her teacher for some advice.
    埃米莉很难作出决定,于是她就去找老师听取意见。
5. make a difference   有差别
例句:It is not right to make a difference between men and women when they are able to do the same jobs.
    在他们能够做同样的工作时,把男女区别对待是不对的。
6. make a disturbance    打扰
例句:The boy was always making disturbances while his parents were not at home.
    他父母亲不在家时,那男孩总是闹乱子。
7. make a face    做鬼脸
例句:My little sister made a face at the taste of the medicine.
    尝到药的味道,我的小妹妹做出一副苦相。
8. make a fire   生火
例句:The room is too cold, and let’s make a fire.
    屋子太冷了,咱们生火吧。
9. make a fool (of )  愚弄,欺骗
例句:Do’t make a fool of Tom as he is a poor child.
别捉弄汤姆,他是个可怜的孩子。
10.make a fortune   发财
例句:Gay tried to make a fortune in the west areas by himself a few years ago.
    几年前盖伊独自一人去西部地区发财。
11.make a gesture   作手势,表示
例句:Yesterday I almost knocked into a foreigner at the airport, but he made a friendly gesture to me.
    昨天在飞机场,我几乎撞上了一个外国人,但他却对我作出了友好的表示。
12.make a hole   挖洞
例句:The bear made a hole under a tree and then lay down to sleep.
    狗熊在树下挖了个洞,然后躺下就睡。
13.make a joke   说笑话,开玩笑
例句:At that time Lao Wang used to make jokes with us after a day’s hard work.
那时,在一天的劳作之后,老王常常和我们一起讲笑话。
make a law   制定法律
例句:The most countries in the world have made laws to be against pollution by now.
    到目前,世界上大多数国家已经制定了防治污染的法律。
make a living   谋生,度日
例句:Before liberation his father made a living by selling papers.
    解放前,他爸爸靠卖报为生。
make a loss   损失
例句:Mack made a serious loss in his business, so he had to borrow a lot of money.
    麦克在生意上蒙受了严重损失,不得不借许多钱。
make a mistake   出差错,犯错误
例句:Don’t be afraid of making mistakes when you speak English.
    讲英语时,不要害怕犯错误。
make a noise   喧闹,弄出响声
例句:Nick made such a loud noise that the baby couldn’t go to sleep.
    尼克吵闹不休,婴儿无法入睡。
make a note (of)   把……记下来
例句:Li Hua made a note of what the headmaster told him and retold it to his classmates.
    李华把校长讲的记下来,向同学们作了传达。
make a plan   制定计划
例句:When a new school year begins, the dean always makes a detailed teaching plan.
    新学年开始,教务长总要制定一份详尽的教学计划。
make a poem   作诗
例句:The famous poetess made many beautiful poems, some of which has been translated into
English and French.
那位著名的女诗人写了许多优美的诗篇,其中的一些已被翻译成英语和法语。
make a price   定价目
例句:The company made a high price for its new products, but few were ordered.
    那家公司的新产品定价很高,可是定货却很少。
make a profit   获利
例句:Peal made a good profit from selling secondhand cars.
    皮尔从贩卖旧车中获利多多。
make a promise   答应,许下诺言
例句:If you make a promise, you must keep it.
    如果你作出承诺,就一定要遵守。
make a question   提问
例句:Mr. Teller made a question about the rules of the English verbs, but no one could answer it.
    泰勒先生提了一个有关英语动词规则的问题,但没人能答上。
make a record   录制唱片
例句:Ms Austin made a new record and sold quite well last year.
    去年,奥斯丁小姐录制了一张新唱片,销量很好。
make a road   筑路
例句:Professor Porter made a wonderful report on population problems at the English Department last Saturday morning.
那时,在一天的劳作之后,老王常常和我们一起讲笑话。
make a rule    制定规章制度
例句:The most countries in the world have made laws to be against pollution by now.
    到目前,世界上大多数国家已经制定了防治污染的法律。
make a sentence   造句
例句:Before liberation his father made a living by selling papers.
    解放前,他爸爸靠卖报为生。
make a speech  发表演说,讲话
例句:Mack made a serious loss in his business, so he had to borrow a lot of money.
    麦克在生意上蒙受了严重损失,不得不借许多钱。
make a suggestion   建议
例句:Don’t be afraid of making mistakes when you speak English.
    讲英语时,不要害怕犯错误。
make a trip / a journey  旅行
例句:Nick made such a loud noise that the baby couldn’t go to sleep.
    尼克吵闹不休,婴儿无法入睡。
make an achievement    取得成就
例句:Li Hua made a note of what the headmaster told him and retold it to his classmates.
    李华把校长讲的记下来,向同学们作了传达。
make a n answer / a reply    做出回答,答复 
例句:When a new school year begins, the dean always makes a detailed teaching plan.
    新学年开始,教务长总要制定一份详尽的教学计划。
make an appointment    约会
例句:The famous poetess made many beautiful poems, some of which has been translated into
English and French.
那位著名的女诗人写了许多优美的诗篇,其中的一些已被翻译成英语和法语。
make an arrangement    做出安排
例句:The company made a high price for its new products, but few were ordered.
    那家公司的新产品定价很高,可是定货却很少。
make an attach    发动进攻
例句:Peal made a good profit from selling secondhand cars.
    皮尔从贩卖旧车中获利多多。
make an attempt   进行尝试
例句:If you make a promise, you must keep it.
    如果你作出承诺,就一定要遵守。
make an effort   尽力
例句:Mr. Teller made a question about the rules of the English verbs, but no one could answer it.
    泰勒先生提了一个有关英语动词规则的问题,但没人能答上。
make an excuse    找借口
例句:Ms Austin made a new record and sold quite well last year.
    去年,奥斯丁小姐录制了一张新唱片,销量很好。
make an experiment   做实验
例句:Professor Porter made a wonderful report on population problems at the English Department last Saturday morning.
上星期六早晨,波特教授在英语系就人口问题做了一次精彩的报告。
42.make an explanation   做出解释
43.make an invention  发明

原载《中学生理科应试》2004年第12期

Verb + up 知多少?   

1..add up (vi.)  加起来,合计
例句:If these figures add up, you can get the result.
        如果把这些数字合计起来,你就会得到结果。      
2. block up (vt.)  积满,堵塞
例句:The problem is that the traffic is heavy and the streets have been blocked up.
        问题是交通繁忙,街道已经堵塞。
3. bring up (vt.)   教育,培养
例句:They are both teachers, and they have brought their children up well.
        他们俩人都是教师,他们的孩子教养很好。
4. burn up (vt.)   烧完,烧光
例句:Some buildings were burned up in the fire and a lot of people lost their homes.
        在那场火灾中,一些建筑物被烧毁了,许多人失去了家园。
5. call up (vt.)   召唤;打电话给
例句:We’ll call you up if we need your help.
        要是我们需要你的帮助,我们会给你打电话的。
6. check up (vi.)   检查,核对
例句:I will ask the doctor to check up on how things are going with me this afternoon.
        今天下午,我要请医生检查一下我的病情。
7. cheer up (vi.& vt.)   使人高兴,鼓舞
例句:I think Rose will cheer up when she sees the new bike.
        我想罗丝看到这辆新自行车一定会很高兴的。
8. clean up (vi.& vt.)   打扫干净,清扫
例句:Mrs. Winston cleaned up the room after the children’s party.
        在孩子们聚会后,温斯顿太太把房间收拾干净。
9. climb up (vi.& vt.)   爬上,攀登
例句:After climbing up a mountain, they all felt tired and hungry.
        爬山之后,他们全都又累又饿。
10. come up (vi.)    走近;发生
例句:It was just one of those things that had come up.
        那只是发生于其中的一件事情。
11. cut up (vt.)   切碎;割掉
例句:She cut up the meat and began to cook the supper.
        她把肉切开,开始做晚饭。
12. do up (vt.)   系扣;梳妆打扮
例句:She did herself up very carefully before she went to the ball.
        在去舞会之前,她仔细打扮了一番。
13. drink up (vi.& vt.)   喝完,喝干
例句:Bob, drink up your milk after you get up.
        鲍勃,起床后,把牛奶喝完。
14. eat up (vi.& vt.)   吃完,吃光;消耗
例句:The central heating eats up a lot of electricity during the winter
        冬天,暖气消耗掉大量的电力。
15. end up (vi.)   结束,终结
例句:He ended up by telling his sister everything although he tried not to.
        虽然他不想说,但结果还是把一切告诉了他妹妹。
16.fix up (vi.& vt.)   安排;安装
  例句:Let’s fix it all up now because we will start out early tomorrow morning.
        让我们把一切全安排好,因为我们明天一大早就出发。
17. get up (vi.)   起床;起立
例句:Dr. More gets up at 6:00 every morning and works late into the night.
        莫尔博士每天早晨6点钟起床,工作直到深夜。
18. give up (vt.)   放弃;中断
例句:You must give up smoking, as it will do harm to your health.
        你一定得戒烟,因为这会损害你的健康。
19. go up (vi.)   上升,上涨
例句:The monitor has gone up in my estimation since he did that.
        自从班长做了那件事,他在我心目中的威望提高了。
20.grow up (vi.)   成长,长大
例句:What are you going to do when you grow up?
        你长大了做什么?
21. hang up (vi.& vt.)   挂断;悬挂
例句:He was telling her all about it when she just hung up on him.
        他正要把一切都告诉她,就在那时她挂断了电话。
22. hold up (vt.)   举起;防碍
例句:Since the traffic has been held up by the accident, let’s go home on foot.
        既然交通因事故而阻塞,咱们就步行回家吧。
23. hurry up (vi.)   赶紧,赶快
例句:Please hurry up, or we will miss the early bus.
        请快点,要不然我们会错过早班车。
24. join up (vt.)   连接起来
例句:The electrician joined up the wires and the motor worked in order.
        电工接上了电线,电动机正常运转。
25. keep up (vi.& vt.)   保持;继续
例句: We should try to keep up these good traditions.
        我们应该尽力保持这些良好的传统。
26. look up (vi.& vt.)   仰望; 查找
例句:If you can not make sure of the word, please look it up in the dictionary.
        要是你对这个词吃不准,就请查词典。
27. make up (vt.)   补偿;编排;组成
例句:The government says that it will make up what you have lost in profit this year.
        政府宣布本年度将在利润方面补偿你们的损失。
28. mix up (vt.)   混合,搞乱
例句:I’m afraid I have mixed up their names.
        我恐怕我把他们的名字搞混了。
29. pick up (vt.)   拣起;搭载;接收;恢复
例句:We’re so glad to say that Weller is picking up again.
        我们可以高兴地说,韦勒开始恢复健康了。
30. pile up (vi.& vt.)   堆积,堆放
例句:His work has piled up while he has been away.
        他外出时,工作都积压成堆了。
31. pull up (vt.)   阻止;拔起;停车
例句:The police pulled him up, for he had drunk too much.
        警察因他喝得太多而阻止他驾车。
32. put up (vt.)   举起;建造;张贴
例句:The children put up a tent, began to carry water and make a fire for cooking.
        孩子们搭起帐篷,开始挑水,并生火做饭。
33. ring up (vt.)   打电话;启幕
例句:As soon as the foreign guests arrive, we are going to ring up the curtain on a new show.
        外宾一到,我们就启幕演出一场新节目。
34. rise up (vi.)   起义,叛乱
例句:The poor people used to rise up in arms to fight against those cruel rulers in the old days.
        那时,穷人常常拿起武器与那些残暴的统治者们进行斗争。
35. send up (vt.)   呈报;发射
例句:Can you tell me how many space ships have they sent up this year?
        你能告诉我他们今年发射了几艘宇宙飞船吗?
36. set up (vt.)   搭起,建立
例句:They think that the government should set up more new schools.
        他们认为政府应该开办更多的新学校。
37. speed up (vi.& vt.)   加快,加速
例句:The manager asked the producer to speed the delivery up over the phone..
        经理在电话上要求生产商加快交货。
38. stand up (vi.)   站立,起立
例句:The captain ordered his soldiers to stand up and salute to the national flag.
        上尉命令士兵们起立,向国旗致敬。
39. stay up (vi.)   挺住;熬夜
例句:The headmaster warned the students that it was not a good habit for them to stay up late at night.
        校长告诫学生们熬夜不是好习惯。
40. take up (vt.)   拿起;从事;吸收;占去
例句:The old woman took up her sewing again after the visitors had left.
        客人走后,老太太又拿起了针线活儿。
41. turn up (vi.)    出现,露面
例句:The lost paper will turn up somewhere, don’t worry.
        别着急,那份丢失的文件会在某个地方找到的。
42. wake up (vi.& vt.)   醒来;使醒来
例句:He found himself lying in the hospital when he woke up.
     他醒来时发现自己躺在医院里。

原载《中学生理科应试》2005年第2期

Verb + down 小集合

1.back down (vi.)   让步,放弃要求
例句:When the workers asked for more pay, the trade union expected the management to back down.
    在工人们要求涨工资时,工会希望资方让步。
2.blow down (vt.)   吹倒,刮倒
例句:There were several terribles torms last summer, and many young trees were blown down.
    去年夏天有好几场可怕的风暴,许多小树被刮倒。
3.book down (vt.)   登记,记录
例句:Vance didn’t want to go with his sisters, so he booked them down for the next plane.
    范斯不想和他的姐妹同行,就给她们登记了下一次航班。
4.bow down (vi.)   鞠躬,弯腰
例句:Even before the cruel governor himself, William Tell and his son did not bow down, either.
    甚至在那位残忍的总督本人面前,威廉 • 泰尔和他的儿子也没有鞠躬。
5.break down (vi.)   坏掉,抛锚
例句:The boss told his new worker that the machine would break down if it wasn’t taken good care of.
    领班告诉新来的员工,如果不注意保养维修,机器就会出故障。
6.bring down (vt.)   降低;打倒
例句:The government must try to bring the prices down so that the poor people can support their basic living standard.
    政府必须设法降低物价,以使穷人能维持其基本的生活水平。
7.burn down (vi.& vt.)   烧掉;烧毁
例句:Because the terrorists burned down some cars and buses, the traffic was once blocked yesterday.
    因为恐怖分子烧毁了一些车辆,昨天交通一度受阻。
8.calm down (vi.& vt.)   安静下来;使安静
例句:The doctor said, “ Your wife will calm down in a few minutes if she takes this medicine.”
    医生说,“如果你妻子服了这种药,她就会在几分钟之后安静下来。”
9.clean down (vt.)   彻底清扫,打扫干净
例句:Last week some students cleaned down the nearby streets after school, and they were praised by the headmaster.
上星期,一些学生放学后清扫了附近的街道,受到校长的表扬。
10.climb down (vi.)   爬下;退让
例句:The thieves didn’t climb down until the police gave the evidence to them.
    直到警察提供了证据之后,扒手们才低头认罪。
11.come down (vi.)   下来,下降
例句:The patient’s temperature came down after he had been treated very carefully for a few days in hospital.
    在住院几天的精心治疗之后,病人的体温下降了。
12.cut down (vt.)   砍倒;削减
例句:The old teacher ought to cut down the volume of work because of his sickness and weakness.
    由于疾病和虚弱,那位老教师理应减少工作量。
13.drop down (vi.)   掉下,掉落
例句:After the crash, witnesses said that the plane had suddenly dropped down out of the sky.
    空难发生后,目击者说飞机是突然从天上掉下来的。
14.fall down (vi.)   跌倒;落下
例句:After the Red Army man had walked three days without food in the snow, he fell down and didn’t come to life.
    那位红军战士饿着肚子在雪地里走了三天之后,他倒下了,再没有醒过来。
15.flow down (vi.)   流淌,流下
例句:The villagers built a bridge over the river flowing down from the snow mountains last month.
    上个月,村民们在流自雪山的那条河上修建了一座桥。
16.get down (vi.& vt.)   下来;取下
例句:Yesterday on his way home Wu Dong supported an old lady when she got down from the bus.
    昨天在回家的路上,吴东搀扶一位老太太下车。
17.go down (vi.)   下沉;落下
例句:The flood waters had gone down, but a great many people lost their homes.
    洪水退去了,但是很多人失去了家园。
18.hand down (vt.)   传递;流传
例句:The old revolutionists expect to hand these traditions down from generation to generation.
    老革命家希望把这些传统一代一代传下去。
19.kneel down (vi.)   跪下,跪倒
例句:The Duke said to Shylock, “It would be better if you knelt down and begged for mercy.”
    公爵对夏洛克说,“你最好跪下求饶。”
20.knock down (vt.)   撞倒;拆除
例句:Many schools are going to knock down those old buildings soon so that they can put up more tall new ones.
    很多学校不久就要拆除那些旧建筑物,以便能建造更多新的高楼大厦。
21.lay down (vt.)   放下;放弃
例句:The old leader has laid down his office on his own initiative in order to make way for a younger doctor.
    那位老领导为给更年轻的博士让路,主动辞去了他的职务。
22.lie down (vi.)   躺下;容忍
例句:In history the Chinese people never took their fate lying down, and they used to take up arms to fight for the freedom and liberation.
    历史上,中华民族从未甘心接受被奴役的命运,他们总是拿起武器为自由和解放而进行斗争。
23.look down (vi.)   向下看;轻视
例句:Wherever you go, you shouldn’t look down upon working and working people.
    无论你去哪儿,都不应轻视劳动和劳动人民。
24.mark down (vt.)   作下记号,作下标记
例句:The maths teacher asked his students if they marked those points down, which had been shown to them already.
    数学老师问学生他们是否给已经出示的那些点做下记号。
25.melt down (vi.& vt.)   熔化;溶解
例句:In modern times many kinds of metallic materials can be melted down and used again.
    在现代许多种类的金属材料可以被熔化,重新利用。
26.note down (vt.)   记下,记笔记
例句:When the manager talked about his project, his secretary noted down all the points he made.
    经理谈论他的方案时,秘书记录下他讲的所有要点。
27.pass down (vi.)   传递,传达
例句:In ancient times rappers would pass down their songs and chants from father to son.
在古代,说唱艺人们会使他们的歌谣父子相传。
28.press down (vi.&vt.)   压下;催促
例句:She pressed down the lid of the bottle after she had the medicine.
    吃过药之后,她按下了药瓶的盖子。
29.pull down (vt.)   拉下;拆除
例句:Zhang Li’s sister couldn’t go to school as that sickness has pulled her down.
    张丽的妹妹不可能去上学,因为那场病使她很虚弱。
30.push down (vt.)   推下,推倒
例句:Bill Banks was very frightened, so he pushed down the two strangers and ran out of the hotel.
    比尔·班克斯极度惊恐,他推倒了那两个陌生人,冲出了旅馆。
31.put down (vt.)   记录;平息
例句:The general swore that his strong army would soon put down the rebellion.
    那将军发誓说他强大的军队很快会平息叛乱。
32.run down.(vi.)   流下;耗尽
例句:In childhood we used to go swimming in the stream running down out of a valley.
    小时侯,我们常常去山谷中流下的那条小溪里游泳。
33.set down (vt.)   使……下车;记下
例句:The driver was told that those passengers would be set down at platform four.
    司机被告知那些乘客将在四站台下车。
34.settle down (vi.)   定居;平静下来
例句:After war she retired from service and settled down to continue her teaching.
    战后她退役了,就安下心来继续教书。
35.shut down (vi.& vt.)   关闭;停业
例句:It is said that the company has been shut down because of lack of orders.
    据说那家公司因缺少订货而关闭。
36.sink down (vi.)   下沉;降落
例句:The sun slowly sank down ine the west, while the moon was rising silently in the east.
太阳在西方慢慢地落了,而月亮在东方悄然升起。
37.sit down (vi.)   坐下,就座
例句:The chairman sat down in the middle chair and declared that the meeting began.
    主席坐在正中的椅子上,宣布会议开始。
38.slide down (vi.)   滑下,滑落
例句:The man slid down quickly from the snow mountain and disappeared in the front woods.
    那人从雪山上飞快地滑下来,消失在前面的树林中。
39.slow down (vi.& vt.)   减速;使变慢
例句:The cars slowed down and stopped as a group of pupils were going across the street.
    当一队小学生穿过马路时,车辆减速并停了下来。
40.take down (vt.)   拆卸;写下
例句:The team leader conducted the workmen taking down the scaffolding round the building.
    队长指挥工人们拆卸建筑物周围的脚手架。
41.turn down (vt.)   拒绝;关小(灯火,音响,煤气等)
例句:The young writer had been turned down by several publishers before he was known.
    那位青年作家成名之前曾遭到几家出版商的拒绝。
42.write down (vt.)   写下,记下
例句:The staff officer wrote the information down and reported to the commander immediately.
参谋把情况记下来,立刻报告给首长。

介词短语:on + (无冠词的)名词

1.on average     平均,按平均数计算
例句:There are 500 visitors to the place of interest a day on average.
    那处名胜平均每天有500名游客。
2.on bicycle     骑自行车
例句:My uncle goes to work on bicycle every day, for he wants to make himself much stronger.
    为了使身体更强健,我舅舅每天骑自行车去上班。
3.on board     在(车,船,飞机)上
例句:The manager of the company often makes a deal on board while going abroard.
    那家公司的经理常在出国的飞机上做生意。
4.on business     因事,因公
例句:Liu Hong’s father will have to go to a faraway mountainous area on business next week.
下星期,刘红的爸爸得去一个边远山区出差。
5.on credit     赊帐,赊欠
例句:For the first step, they decided to buy some goods on credit from their relatives and friends.
    作为第一步,他们决定先向亲戚朋友们赊购一些货物。
6.on display     陈列,展出
例句:Who is going to carry the exhibits on display in the meeting hall of No.1 Middle School?
    谁去搬一中会议大厅里陈列的展览品?
7.on duty     值日,值班
例句:When you are on duty, you should make the classroom clean and tidy.
值日时,你应当把教室清扫得干净整洁。
8.on earth     在世界上;究竟,到底(接在疑问词后,加强疑问)
例句:Where do you think we should go sightseeing on earth during the following days?
    你认为在今后的几天里我们到底该去哪儿游览?
9.on end     不停地
例句:Barbara had been working four hours on end before she went home.
    巴巴拉连续工作了四个小时才回家。
10.on exhibition     展出,展览
例句:Class Four will place their artistic handicrafts on exhibition in the classroom next Saturday.
    四班将于下星期六在教室里展出他们的手工艺品。
11.on faith     单凭信任,盲目地
例句:Jenny wanted to give an explanation, but her boss didn’t accept her statement no faith.
    詹妮想要作出解释,但她的老板并不盲目地相信她的话。
12.on file     存档,归档
例句:Please place the document on file after passed round among the members of the committee.
    在委员会成员传阅之后,请把文件归档。
13.on fire     着火,失火
例句:The young couple found their new house on fire when they came back from the cinema.
    青年夫妇看电影回来,发现他们的新居着火了。
14.on foot    徒步,步行
例句:Some of the guests will come on foot, others will come by car.
    一些客人将步行来,其他的人乘车来。
15.on guard     值勤;警戒
例句:Some policemen are put on guard when the rush hours come in our town this year.
    今年,我们城里在交通高峰时间派几名警察值勤。
16.on holiday / vacation     休假,度假
:例句:More and more rich people arrange a tour to Europe on holiday.
     越来越多的富人筹划去欧洲旅游度假。
17.on hire     出租
例句:Mr. Reed is a nobleman, and he has a few manors on hire.
    里德先生是个贵族,他有几处庄园出租。
18.on horse(back)     骑马
例句:The travellers from the east went across the Sahara Desert on horseback.
    来自东方的旅行者们骑马穿越了撒哈拉沙漠。
19.on inquiry     经调查,经询问
例句:On inquiry, I learnt that some of them were not able to afford their tuition.
    经询问,我得知他们中一些人付不起学费。
20.on journey     旅行
例句:When we started out, our teacher wished that we had had a wonderful time on journey.
    出发时,老师祝愿我们旅途愉快。
21.on leave     请假
例句:Kent’s father asked him why he had gone home on leave so often last week.
    上星期,肯特的爸爸问他为什么如此频繁地请假回家。
22.on occasion     不时,偶尔
例句:Some of my friends in the countryside also went to town and paid a visit to me on occasion.
    有时我的一些乡下朋友也进城看望我。
23.on paper     以书面形式;理论上
例句:The board of directors made a decision on paper that the company didn’t produce such a kind of products any more.
    董事会以书面形式作出决定企业不再生产这类产品。
24.on principle     根据,按照原则
例句:On principle, the village leader shouldn’t have had so much cultivated land.
    按理,村长不该有那么多耕地。
25.on purpose     故意地
例句:On the way home yesterday, Turner pretended not to see his maths teacher on purpose.
    昨天回家路上,特纳故意装作没有看见他的数学老师。   
26.on record     记录上的,登记过的
例句:It was said that the greatest earthquake on record had happened somewhere in India a few days before.
    据说,几天前印度某地发生了有史以来最大的地震。
27.on request     函索即寄
例句:The bookstore promised that the catalogues of our textbooks would be mailed on request.
    书店承诺,我们的教科书书目函索即寄。
28.on sale     出售,上市
例句:I was told that some more new types of personal computers had been on sale.
我被告知又有几种新型的家用电脑上市了。
29.on schedule     按时间表,如期
例句:I wonder if the plane will arrive on schedule because of the bad weather.
    因为天气恶劣,我不知道飞机是否会如期到达。
30.on show     上演,展览
例句:The old artist told us that his paintings will be on show in this city the next month.
    那位老艺术家告诉我们下月他的绘画作品要在本市展出。
31.on strike     罢工
例句:All rubbish has been piled in the street because the street cleaners are still on strike.
    所有的垃圾都堆在街道上,因为垃圾清运工们还在罢工。
32.on sufferance     经默许,被容忍
例句:The little girl was able to see her father in prison once a month on sufferance.
    那个小姑娘被默许每月一次去监狱探望她爸爸。
33.on tap     零售;随时供应的
例句:Professor Li has bought a great many books, so they are always on tap.
    李教授购买了大量的书,因此他身边总有书。
34.on time     按时,准时
例句:Please tell me what time the train arrives, and I am going to the station to meet you on time.
    请告诉我火车什么时候到达,我要准时到车站接你。
35.on top     成功;居首位
例句:The headmaster wants to know who can go on top in the end-term examination.
    校长想知道谁会在期末考试中领先。
36.on tour     巡回
例句:It is good news that the theatrical troupe is on tour in the rural areas of our hometown.
    剧团正在我们家乡的农村巡回演出是个好消息。
37.on trial     在试用中,作为试验
例句:It is reported that this new medical method is on trial.
    据报道,这种新的医疗方法正在试用。  
38.on trust     信任地;赊帐
例句:He did not do a good deed, but his friends took his statement on trust.
    他并没有做好事,但他的朋友们不加深纠地相信了他的一番话。
39.on TV / television     电视上
例句:The actress’d like to see what she looks like on TV.
    那位女演员喜欢看自己在电视上的样子。
40.on view     展览着;上映中
例句:The artistic exhibition will be on view from 8:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m..
    艺术展将于上午8:30至下午5:30展出。
41.on watch     监视,视察
例句:One soldier is digging something inside, the other is on watch outside the house.
    一个士兵在里面挖什么东西,另一个在户外警戒着。

原载《中学生理科应试》2006年第1-2期

DO  ONE’S  WAY释义

1.cleave one’s way  排开......前进
例句:Because of the tail wind, their boat was full of sail and cleaving its way through the seawater.
      由于顺风,他们的船张满风帆,破浪前进。
2.come / fall / lie in one’s way  走到跟前;被碰到;落到某人手里
  例句:He happened to fall in his enemy way, but he didn’t give in.
      他不巧落到了敌人的手里,但他并没有屈服。
3.continue one’s way  继续上路
例句:The soldiers renewed their eqippments, took more food and water with them, and  continued their way.
      士兵们更新了装备,带上更多的食物和水,然后继续前进。 
4. crawl one’s way  爬出;一路爬行
例句:The young couple have a little baby; it often crawls its way across the living room.
      年轻夫妇生了一个小孩,婴儿常常从起居室这边爬到那边。
5.elbow one’s way  从......挤过
例句:Though Kane was old, he still elbowed his way through the crowd.
      尽管凯恩老了,但他还是用胳膊肘挤出了人群。
6.feel one’s way  摸索前进;试探
例句:As it was quite dark in the cave, the explorers could do nothing but feel their way in the darkness.
      由于洞里很黑,探险者们只能在黑暗中摸索前进。
7.fight one’s way  打开出路
例句:The three Red Army men decided to fight their way out of the KMT soldiers before they were surrounded.
三个红军战士决定在国民党军包围他们之前就冲杀出去。
8.find one’s way  找到出路
例句:The children were lost in the woods, but they insisted on finding their way home before the sunset.
      孩子们在树林里迷路了,但是他们坚持在日落之前找到了回家的路。
9.force one’s way  冲过;挤过
例句:After three days’ fierce fighting, our soldiers finally forced their way through the enemy position.
      经过三天激战之后,我军终于突破了敌人的阵地。
10.get / have one’s way  随心所欲;自行其事
例句:When the investigation group got to the grasslands, all the members had their way
    to praise for this piece of green world.
    在考察团到达草原时,所有的成员都以自己的方式赞美这片绿色的世界。
11.go one’s way  动身;出发;离开
例句:If the weather is fine, we will go our way to town tomorrow.
    如果天气晴好,我们明天就动身进城。
12.inch one’s way  慢慢前进
  例句:The mountaineers inched their way up the snow-clad peak after an hour’s good rest .
      在一个小时的休息之后,登山队员们一步一步地攀登积雪的山顶。
13.know one’s way  知路径
例句:When Lawes started out, the captain asked him whether he knew his way about the journey.
    当劳斯出发的时候,上尉问他是否知道路途。
14.lose one’s way  迷路
   例句:It was not long before they met each other again, and they realized they had lost their way.
       不久,他们再次相遇,他们意识到他们迷路了。
15.make one’s way  行进;努力上进
   例句:They made their way up the path, and from the top of the hill they could see their school.
       他们顺着小路攀登上去,从山顶可以看到他们的学校。
16.pick one’s way  小心走路;择路而行
   例句:Arriving at the crossroads, we picked our way to the village school.
       到了十字路口,我们择路往那所村学走去。
17.push one’s way  挤过去;奋力成功
   例句:Hadley pushed his way through all his colleagues, and became the manager of his company at last.
       哈德利越过所有的同事,最终成为其公司的经理。
18.scream one’s way  一路尖叫
   例句:Lorna sat in a car that fell from a tall tower and she screamed her way down to a safe landing.
       洛娜坐的车箱从高塔上直跌下来,她一路尖叫,直到安全落地。
19.see one’s way  能够;愿意
   例句:I think that he could see his way in this end-term examination if he puts his heart into it.
       我认为如果他倾心投入的话,他就能够通过本次期末考试。
20.smooth / pave one’s way  铺平道路
   例句:Wang Hai usually works late into the night so as to smooth his way for a further study in the famous university.
       王海为了能在那所有名的大学里深造,常常学习到深夜。
21.splash one’s way  溅水 / 涉水通过
   例句:The camel team splashed their way through a long and lonely valley before dark.
       天黑之前,驼队涉水通过了一条悠长而荒凉的山谷。
22.squeeze one’s way  挤过
   例句:A little boy, whom nobody could know, squeezed his way through the crowded street and ran away, piece of bread in hand.
       一个小男孩,没人认识他,手里拿着一块面包,穿过拥挤的街道跑走了。
23.steer one’s way  决定路线
   例句:After the rainstorm, the ship steered its way and set sail to the Pacific Ocean.
       暴风雨之后,船确定了航线,起航驶向太平洋。
24.take one’s way  向......走去;向......出发
   例句:As soon as the students got ready for swimming, they took their way towards the seashore.
       学生们一做好游泳的准备,就取路走向海滩。
25.tear one’s way  猛进
   例句:The main troops tore their way and soon seized the fort which had once been controlled by the enemy.
       主力部队猛冲猛打,很快攻占了一度被敌人控制的要塞。
26.twist one’s way  穿过......前进
   例句:The scientists twisted their way through the primeval forest in order to discover some strange plants.
       科学家们在原始森林中曲折地行进,以期发现一些不常见的植物。
27.weave one’s way  迂回前进
   例句:A group of scouts wove their way in the enemy rear and collected much useful military information.
       一队侦察兵迂回在敌后,搜集到许多有用的军事情报。
28.win one’s way  奋力前进
   例句:Having finished the fighting task, the soldiers won their way to get a greater victory.
       完成作战任务后,战士们奋力前进去争取更大的胜利。
29.wing one’s way  飞过
   例句:we could see nothing out of the window as the plane winged its way through the clouds.
       飞机穿过云层时,我们从窗外什么也看不到。
30.work one’s way  排除困难前进
   例句:The wounded had been working his way until he was saved by a kind-hearted old lady one day.
       受伤者艰难地行进着,直到有一天被一位好心的老太太救起。

原载《中学生理科应试》2007年第7期

In +名词+ of结构的短语介词

1.in advance of   在前头;事先,预先
例句:I wish to make good preparation for the next examination in advance of the others.
      我想要赶在别人之前为下次考试做好准备。
2.in appreciation of  感谢;鉴赏
例句:In appreciation of your help, I was able to get through the driving test and receive the driving licence in time.
      感谢您的帮助,我及时通过了驾驶考试并拿到了驾驶执照。
3.in case of  假如,万一
例句:If you go hiking, you ‘d better take an umbrella with you in case of rain.
      如果要去远足,你最好随带雨伞以防下雨。
4.in charge of  掌管,负责
例句:Lao Wang is in charge of the project, and he could tell you about it in detail.
      老王负责那项工程,他可以详细地告诉你有关的情况
5.in command of  指挥
例句:Because of the serious situation, the headquarters decided to place McDonald in command of a company.
因为严峻的形势,总部决定让麦克唐纳指挥一个连队。
6.in consequence of  由于……的缘故
例句:In consequence of the previous experiment, Dr. Lake planned to take some other experimental steps this time.
      由于上回实验的缘故,这次莱克博士打算采取一些别的实验步骤。
7.in danger of  有……的危险
例句:Dongzi persisted in sending messages to the Red Army even if he was in danger of being arrested by the enemy.
      即便有被敌人抓起来的危险,冬子还是坚持为红军送信。
8.in defect of  若无……时;因缺乏
例句:In defect of farming in winter, almost all the peasants here would go to town for a living.
      冬天农闲时,这里几乎所有的农民都进城谋生。
9.in defence of  保卫
例句:All the people, men and women, young and old, were fighting against the flood in defence of their own homes.
      所有的人,无论男女老少,都在与洪水做斗争,保卫自己的家园。
10.in excuse of  为……辩解;为……辩白
例句:That nurse should not plead inexperience in excuse of her mistake.
      那个护士不应该借口缺乏经验来为她的错误辩解。
11.in expectation of  盼望着;期待着
例句:The people in the flooding area are also in expectation of the aid from the government as they are rebuilding their houses bravely.
      洪水灾区的人们一边勇敢地重建家园,一边也盼望着来自政府的援助。      
12.in explanation of  作为……的解释 / 说明
例句:In explanation of her deed, the girl has written three letters to her parents faraway this month.
作为对她的行为的解释,那个姑娘这月已经给远方的父母写了三封信。
13.in face of  面临;不顾
例句:The whole family worked in the fields day and night, still achieving a bumper harvest in face of unfavourable weather conditions.
      一家人起早贪黑地下地,在气候不利的情况下仍然取得了丰收。
14.in favour of  支持,赞成;有利于
例句:Hearing about his idea, some were in favour of his suggestion, but some others were strongly against it.
      听了他的主意,一些人赞成他的建议,但另一些人表示强烈的反对。
15.in fear of  为……而担心;害怕
例句:In fear of losing his way, the little boy was looking back from time to time as he walked in the woods.
      担心迷路,小男孩在树林里一边走,一边不时地回头看。
16.in front of  在……的前面
例句:There is a smooth lawn in front of the office building with some beds of roses in it.
      办公楼前有一块平坦的草地,草地上有一些玫瑰花坛。
17.in honour of  纪念,庆贺;对……表示敬意
例句:The members of the committee gave a banquet in honour of the foreign delegation yesterday afternoon.
      昨天下午,委员会成员设宴招待外国代表团。 
18.in hopes of   怀着……的希望 (= in the hope of)
例句:The company is sending out samples in hopes of gaining comments.
      公司正在寄送样品,征求批评意见。
19.in imitation of  模仿;仿效;模拟
例句:The school set all their students some good examples in imitation of the model deeds.
      学校为所有学生们树立了一些仿效模范行为的好榜样。
20.in memory of  纪念,为了纪念
例句:Last night I read again one of Chairman Mao’s great works, In Memory of Norman Bethune.
      昨天晚上,我又一次阅读了毛主席的伟大著作之一 —— 《纪念白求恩》。
21.in place of  代替
例句:With the development of industry more and more plastics has been used in place of wood or metal.
      随着工业的发展,越来越多的塑料被用来代替木材或金属。
22.in point of  就……而言;关于
例句:In point of fact, we should do more work for students’ individual development during the period of basic education.
      就事实而论,在基础教育阶段我们应当为学生的个性发展做更多的工作。
23.in process of  在……的过程中
例句:The manager asked us to wait a little moment because the machine was in process of repair.
      经理要我们稍等片刻,因为机器正在修理中。
24.in proof of  作为……的证据;以证明
例句:The scientist made notes of the experimental details in proof of his further research.
      那位科学家对实验的细节做了记录作为他进一步研究的依据。
25.in quest of  寻找;追求;探索
例句:In quest of revolutionary truth, the young couple went to the Soviet Union in 1930’s.
      为了追求革命真理,那对年轻夫妇在二十世纪三十年代去了苏联。
26.in recognition of  承认……而;为报答……而
例句:The heroine was given a medal in recognition of her service after having worked in the enemy area for many years.
      在敌战区工作多年之后,女英雄因功被授予一枚勋章。
27.in right of  根据……所有的权利
例句:In right of workers, the factory should pay them the basic wages for their working.
      依据劳动者的权利,厂方应该为工人支付基本的工资。
28.in search of  寻求,寻找
例句:The English teacher looked up the word in all the dictionaries at hand in search of its special use.
     英语老师翻遍手头所有的词典以寻找这个词的特殊用法。
29.in sight of  能看见;在视野之内
例句:After having sailed towards the east for three days, they were in sight of land.
      在向东航行了三天之后,他们看到了陆地。
30.in spite of  不管;不顾;任凭 (= in despite of)
例句:The explorers went on their journey to the lonely island in spite of the bad weather.
      不顾恶劣的天气,探险者们勇气百倍地向那座荒凉的岛屿进发。
31.in terms of  按照;关于;就……而论
例句:All the government officials should consider problems in terms of the people’s interests.
      所有的政府官员都应从人民的利益出发来考虑问题。
32.in view of  鉴于;由于
例句:In view of these factors, you’d better finish your teaching tasks ahead of time.
      考虑到这些因素,你们最好提前完成教学任务。
33.in virtue of  因为;借助于
例句:The students in Class Three completed their scientific reports in virtue of the science museum last week.
      上星期三班的学生们借助自然科学博物馆完成了他们的科学考察报告。

原载《英语知识》2009年第11期

接to do(不定式)还是接doing(动名词)?
 
1. (1) be afraid to do   不敢做
例句:Rose was afraid to go to school alone because she hadn’t finished her homework.
      罗丝不敢一个人去学校,因为她没有完成作业。         
(2)be afraid of doing   害怕做
例句:She was afraid of being laughed at when she was speaking English.
     她说英语时害怕被人讥笑。
2. (1) be interested to do   对做某事感兴趣
例句:I shall be interested to know what you think of the film?
      我很想知道你对那部电影的看法。 
  (2) be interested (in) doing   对某种想法感兴趣
例句:We are all interested working in the west of China after graduation.
      我们全都对毕业之后在西部工作感兴趣。
3. (1) begin / start to do   开始做
例句:Tom’s mother began to realize that her son had been making progress since she had a talk with the teacher.
      自从与老师交谈之后,汤姆的妈妈开始意识到儿子在进步。 
   (2) begin / start doing   开始做(a.表长期活动或习惯; b. ~ 不用进行时;c.~ 之后不用understand / realize, etc.)
例句:Let’s begin taking our morning exercise after getting up.
      起床之后咱们开始做早操吧!
4.(1) cease to do   (长期)停止做
例句:That organization has ceased to exist since liberation.
      自从解放之后,那个组织就不复存在。
   (2) cease doing   (暂时)停止做
例句:The students ceased talking and laughing when their teacher came into the classroom.
      老师进教室时,学生们就停止了说说笑笑。
5. (1) forget to do   忘记去做
例句:My sister often forgets to write letters to me as she is busy with her studies.
      由于我妹妹忙于学习,她常常忘记给我写信。
  (2) forget doing   忘记做过
例句:The light in the classroom is off. It was she that turned it off, but she herself forgot turning it off.
     教室里的灯熄了。灯是她关的,但她本人已忘记灯是她关的。
6. (1) go on to do   接着做(另一件事)
例句:After Xiao Dong had finished his English homework, he did eye-exercises for a moment, and went on to do his maths.
     小东完成了英语作业后,做了一会儿眼保健操,接着去做数学。
  (2) go on doing   继续做(同一件事)
例句:How long do you intend to go on keeping those books?
     那些书你还想借多久?
7. (1) like to do  (一时)喜欢做
例句:Li Ming and his fellows liked to go swimming in the small river during the summer vacation.
     李明和他的伙伴们在暑假期间曾一度喜欢去小河里游泳。
  (2) like doing   (一直)喜欢做
例句:Mr. Wu still likes reading English novels even though he is now in his fifties.
     即便吴先生现已五十多岁了,但他仍然喜欢阅读英文小说。
8. (1) mean to do   打算做
例句:Last Sunday Jim’s brother meant to do some shopping, but he did nothing at last.
     上个星期日吉姆的弟弟打算去购物,但最终什么也没做。
  (2) mean doing   意味着做
例句:They would like to work over time if it means raising wages.
     如果这意味着增加工资,他们愿意加班。
9. (1) need to do   (某人)需要做
例句:He said that his students needed to have more listening and speaking practice that term.
     他说他的学生本学期需要进行更多的听说练习。
  (2) need doing   (某物)需要做
例句:After a long journey Mike realized that his bike needed repairing completely.
     长途跋涉之后麦克意识到他的自行车需要全面维修了。
10. (1) regret to do   遗憾要做
例句:The boss regretted to tell Halley that he was to be dismissed the next week.
     老板很遗憾地告诉哈利下周他将被解雇。
  (2) regret doing   后悔做过
例句:I never regret telling the truth after we had such an experience.
     在我们有了这样一次经历之后,我从不后悔讲真话。
11.(1) remember to do   记着要做
例句:Please remember to go to the post office and send a letter for me.
     请记着去趟邮局替我发一封信。
  (2) remember doing   记得做过
例句:Do you still remember being taken to Beijing when you were seven years old?
     你还记得七岁时带你去北京的事吗?
12.(1) stop to do   停下来做(另一件事)
例句:The old man reached the top of the mountain and stopped to have a rest on a big stone by the side of the path.
      那位老人到达山顶,停下来在路边的一块大石头上休息。 
  (2) stop doing   停止做(正在做的事)
例句:As we were visiting the factory and talking to the boss, some of the workers stopped their working.
      在我们参观那家工厂与老板交谈时,一些工人听下了手中的活。
13.(1) try to do   试图做
例句:You must try to be more careful while you are on duty.
     值班时你可要多加小心。
  (2) try doing   试着做
例句:Have they tried growing rice in this way instead of the traditional ways?
     他们尝试过用这种方法而不是传统的方法种植水稻吗?
14.(1) want to do   (某人)想要做
例句:The foreign friends wanted to meet our students after having been shown around our school.
     外国朋友们在参观了学校之后,想要见见我们的学生。
  (2) want doing   (某物)需要做(=need doing)
例句:These pictures want putting up to make our classroom more beautiful.
     为使我们的教室更加美观,这些图片需要张贴上去。

原载《英语知识》2010年第5期

也可用于Do sth.for sb.句型的及物动词

1. buy sb. sth. = buy sth. for sb.  为某人购买某物
 1)Yesterday Bob’s father bought Bob a new bicycle as a birthday present, which Bob had wished to own for a long time.
 2)Yesterday Bob’s father bought a new bicycle for Bob as a birthday preasent, which Bob had wished to own for a long time.
   昨天,鲍勃的爸爸给鲍勃买了一辆新自行车当生日礼物,鲍勃想得到它好长时间了。
2. cook sb. sth. = cook sth. for sb.  为某人烹饪……
 1)Last Sunday Audrey tried her best to cook the whole family some tasty dishes, and this made her mother very happy.
 2) Last Sunday Audrey tried her best to cook some tasty dishes for the whole family, and this made her mother very happy.
   上星期日,奥德丽使出浑身解数为全家人做了几道可口的菜,这使得她妈妈很高兴。
3. do sb. sth = do sth. for sb.  为某人做某事
 1)Many people think that everyone should do the school education something good just as the school education does for everybody.
 2)Many people think that everyone should do something good for the school education just as the school education does for everybody.
   许多人认为,每个人应该为学校教育做些好事,就象学校教育为每个人所做的那样。
4. envy sb. sth. = envy sth. for sb.  妒忌/羡慕某人某事/物
 1)Though they are twin sisters, Marian couldn’t help envying Mariana a success.
 2)Though they are twin sisters, Marian couldn’t help envying a success for Mariana.
   虽然她们是孪生姐妹,但玛丽安还是禁不住羡慕玛丽安娜的成功。
5. exchange sb. sth. = exchange sth. for sb.  与某人交换某事/物
 1)When successful men meet each other on the social occasions, they often exchange them the cards.
 2)When successful men meet each other on the social occasions, they often exchange the cards for them..
  当成功人士在社交场合彼此相遇时,他们常常交换名片。
6. fetch sb. sth. = fetch sth. for sb.  为某人去取某物
 1)This afternoon the manager left the key to his office in the meetingroom, so he told his secretary to fetch him the key at once.
 2)This afternoon the manager left the key to his office in the meetingroom, so he told his secretary to fetch the key for him at once .
  今天下午,经理把办公室的钥匙忘在了会议厅,于是就吩咐秘书赶快去取来。
7. find sb. sth. = find sth. for sb.  为某人找到某物
 1)Tom’s son was lost in the street the other day, and it was the policeman that found him the child that day.
 2)Tom’s son was lost in the street the other day, and it was the policeman that found the child for him that day.
   前几天,汤姆的儿子在街上走失,正是那位警察当天就把孩子给他找到了。
8. get sb. sth. = get sth. for sb.  为某人取得某物
 1)After using the new sort of seeds, the villagers told their village leader proudly that they could get him a large harvest this year.
 2) After using the new sort of seeds, the villagers told their village leader proudly that they could get a large harvest for him this year.
   在使用了新品种之后,村民们豪迈地告诉村长他们今年可以获得大丰收。
9. make sb. sth. = make sth. for sb.  为某人制作某物
 1)Parkman’s grandfather meant to make Parkman a model plane when he stopped his teaching in an aviation college.
 2)Parkman’s grandfather meant to make a model plane for Parkman when he stopped his teaching in an aviation college.
  帕克曼的爷爷打算在航空学院不任教的时候为帕克曼制作一架模型飞机。
10.order sb. sth. = order sth. for sb.  为某人订购某物
 1)To attend the important ball at the palace, Pierre had to order his wife Mathilde an evening dress which cost him over 400 francs. 
 2)To attend the important ball at the palace, Pierre had to order an evening dress for his wife Mathilde which cost him over 400 francs.
   为了出席那场重要的宫廷舞会,皮爱尔不得不给妻子玛蒂尔德订做了价值400法郎的晚礼服。
11.paint sb. sth. = paint sth. for sb.  为某人油漆/绘画某物
 1)The famous painter always thinks of how to paint his friend Tod a beautiful horse once he is free.
 2)The famous painter always thinks of how to paint a beautiful horse for his friend Tod once he is free.
   那位名画家有空的时候一直考虑怎样给他的朋友托德画一匹骏马。
12.play sb. sth. = play sth. for sb.  为某人表演/演奏……
 1)Wang Ling does well in playing the guitar, and she is sure to play us a piece of the popular music at this evening party.
 2)Wang Ling does well in playing the guitar, and she is sure to play a piece of the popular music for us at this evening party.
   王玲弹一手好吉他,今天的晚会上她一定会给我们演奏一段流行音乐的。
13.reserve sb. sth. = reserve sth. for sb.  为某人保留/储备某物
 1)As it was getting colder, Grandma Liang decided to reserve herself some potatoes and cabbages in the winter.
 2)As it was getting colder, Grandma Liang decided to reserve some potatoes and cabbages for herself in the winter.
   天气渐渐变冷时,梁奶奶决定储存些土豆和白菜过冬。
14.save sb. sth. = save sth. for sb.  为某人节约/省免某事/物
 1)It is well known that this kind of technical innovation has saved us much time and labour.
 2)It is well known that this kind of technical innovation has saved much time and labour for us
众所周知,这项技术革新为我们节省了大量的时间和劳动力。.
15.sing sb. sth. = sing sth. for sb.  为某人唱……歌
 1)Though Rose was not a professional singer, she used to sing her workmates some foreign songs.
 2)Though Rose was not a professional singer, she used to sing some foreign songs for her workmates
虽然罗丝不是一位专业歌手,但她常常给同事们唱一些外国歌曲。.
16.spare sb. sth. = spare sth. for sb.  为某人节省/抽出……
 1)I made a phone call for my paper just now, and Professor Zhang answered that he could spare me half an hour.
 2) I made a phone call for my paper just now, and Professor Zhang answered that he could spare  half an hour for me.
   刚才我为论文的事打了电话,张教授说他能为我抽出半小时来。

原载《英语知识》2011年第7期

常用的Noun + to (prep.) 的结构搭配

access to     ……的通路;……的入径
例句:Some said that it was very difficult to have access to the farmhouse, while the others didn’t want to go there at all.
一些人说,去那座农庄的路不好找,而别的人根本就不愿去那儿。
admission to    ……的加入;……的录取
例句:It was reported some years ago that the country had been applying for admission to the European Union.
     几年前有报导说,该国家一直在申请加入欧洲联盟。
3.answer to     ……的回答;……的答案
例句:Professor Marlin couldn’t easily give an answer to the question because it had little to do with his speciality.
     马林教授不容易回答那个问题,因为它与其专业关系不大。
4.approach to    ……的途径;……的探讨
例句:Most of the research workers thought that it was necessary for them to make a scientific approach to the subject.
     大多数研究人员认为,他们对该课题进行科学的探讨是必要的。
challenge to     ……的挑战;……的质疑
例句:Angell’s speech was a direct challenge to the chairman of the congress.
     安吉尔的发言是对会议主席权威的直接挑战。
contribution to     ……的捐款;……的贡献
例句:Keller made a very positive contribution to the project while Lake did only a little.
     凯勒对该项目做出了积极的贡献,而莱克只做了很少的工作。
contibutor to     ……的捐献者;……的贡献者
例句:When the Minister talked about the older educational workers, he said that it was they who were important contributors to the country.
     当部长谈到老教育工作者的时候,他说正是他们为国家做出了重要贡献。
devotion to       ……的关爱;……的忠诚
例句:Mr. Wang’s devotion to his students was touching while he taught English in a middle school 30 years ago.
     三十年前王先生在一所中学教英语的时候,他对学生的关爱是感人至深的。
donation to     ……的捐赠;……的贡献

door to     ……的门;……的门路
例句:Mr. Smith always tells his students that they can find the door to success in English study if they work hard enough.
史密斯先生谆谆告戒学生们,若是下足够的功夫,他们就能找到英语学习成功的门路。
entrance to     ……的入口;……的通道
例句:York asked his friends to wait for him at the entrance to the science museum at 8:00 o’clock tomorrow morning.
约克要他的朋友们明天早晨8点钟在自然博物馆入口处等他。
gate to     ……的大门;……的门口
例句:Yesterday afternoon they were going across the street over there when suddenly a traffic accident happened at the gate to the car factory.
   昨天他们正要穿过那边的街道,就在那时汽车厂的大门口突然发生了一起交通事故。
12. home to     ……总部;……的基地
   例句:Beijing is not only the capital of China, but also is home to the Chinese Academy of Sciences and over ten famous universities.
   北京不仅是中国的首都,而且也是中国科学院和十多所著名大学的所在地。
13. introduction to   ……的入门;……的介绍
   例句:My little brother wants to be an electrician, and he begged me to buy him An Introduction to Electricity.
    我的小弟弟想当电工,缠着让我给他买一本《电工入门》。
14. key to     ……的钥匙; ……的答案
   例句:The headmaster suggested that the every class should have a spare key to the back door in case of an emergency.
    校长提议每班应当有一把后门备用钥匙,以防万一。
opposition to      ……的对抗;……的反面
例句:The law had been passed two years before, but the local people expressed strong opposition to it.
虽然那条法规两年前就通过了,但是当地的人民却表示强烈的反对
16. relation to     ……的关系;……的联系
    例句:At the college meeting, several old professors made some comments in relation to this matter last week.
    在上星期的院系会议上,几位老教授就这件事提出了一些看法。
reply to     ……的回答;……的答复
例句:The company had got over 1,000 replies to the advertisement for the new product, and they were determined to improve it according to the public opinions.
公司收到了对新产品广告宣传的上千份答复,他们决定根据公众意见改进该产品。 
response to      ……的回答;……的响应
例句:As is known to all, this kind of new products has been developed in response to customer demand.
众所周知,这种新产品回应顾客的需求而开发的。
travel to     ……的旅行;……的游历
例句:Could you tell me when you are off on you travels to Europe?
能告诉我你们什么时候动身去欧洲旅行吗?
trvelling to     ……的旅行;……的旅游
例句:It is said that Logan’s job requires a lot of traveling to South America, as his company belongs to a transnational corporation.
由于洛根的公司隶属于一家跨国公司,据说他的工作需要经常出差到南美去。
trveller to     ……的旅客;……的游客
例句:Lao Wang is a person who does not live in one place but likes to travel with fellow travellers to various places of interest.
老王是一个居无定所的人,但他喜欢与同行的游客一道游览各种旅游胜地。
visit to      ……的访问;……的参观
例句:When I got to Korea last year, one of my friends told me to pay a visit to the local museum if I had enongh time.
去年我到朝鲜时,我的一位朋友告诉我,时间足够的话,去参观一下当地的博物馆。
visitor to     ……的访问者;……的参观者
例句:They are always thinking about how they can attract more and more visitors to their website.
他们总是想着怎样才能吸引越来越多的人来访问他们的网站。
way to      ……的途径;……的道路
例句:Last Monday, Ramona helped an old blind lady walk across the crowded street on her way to school. That was why she was late for class.
上周星期一,雷蒙娜在上学的路上帮助一位盲人老太太穿过拥挤的马路。这就是她上课迟到的原因。

原载《英语知识》2012年第8期

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